Diabetes is a condition in which the amount of glucose in blood shoots up high. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps the body to use glucose for energy. If pancreas doesn’t work properly, it becomes difficult to maintain the normal levels of insulin in the body. Such a condition is known as diabetics. There are three types of diabetes which can affect you when you are pregnant. Preexisting long term diabetic conditions like type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetics develop in childhood itself if the body lack the ability to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetics occur due to overweight and are usually diagnosed in women aged 40 or above.
Gestational diabetics Mellitus or GDM develop only during pregnancy period especially during their third trimester and goes away after the baby is born. Remember that if you have gestational diabetics, you have chances of getting type 2 diabetics later in your life. Having diabetes during pregnancy may create complications for you and your baby. You need regular checkups during every stage of pregnancy and need to consult a dietitian to get help in controlling the glucose levels naturally. You need to consume a variety of balanced food items to dispense calories and carbohydrates evenly in your body. Make sure that you eat three normal size meals and two to four snacks every day.
Include high fibre vegetables and proteins in your meals and snacks. Limit carbohydrates such as breads, fruits and milk and avoid beverages like flavoured waters, soft drinks and fruit juices. Exercise is essential to maintain your blood glucose levels . Discuss with your dialectician about the amount and intensity of exercise that suits your health condition. Feed your baby as soon as possible after the birth within 30 minutes to help your baby’s blood glucose stay at a safe level.
In our later posts, we will share effective tips on maintaining blood sugar level.