For any home décor or addition, walls are a critical element. You either make it or break it or modify it to complement or make way for your décor. Internal walls in a property or tenement do much more than separating rooms.
They may bear load, support floor joists or hold vases and portraits. You can build these walls from timber stud or brick.
- Most internal walls comprise single brick skin, 110-120mm wid.
- Skirtings are more than decorative finish or addition to a wall. They also block voids, preventing draughts or noise to intrude into your room.
- Load-bearing wall support other walls or floor joists. These are corridor walls, bed recess and other types running parallel to the front and back walls of a room.
- Both timber and brick walls may bear loads.
- Typical issues include boss plasters, plaster cracks, poorly bonded brick walls, and clingy external walls.
- If your walls are damp or cold, you may need to insulate them.
- To remove or alter walls, don’t remove plaster layers from both sides of the brick wall. Make sure it doesn’t make the structure unstable.
- Be careful while changing doorframes and doorways as the top timbers and side of the doorframe may contain the brickwork.
Repairing holes and cracks in plaster
Internal walls are of two types, partition walls and party walls. The latter divides a property’s floor space, creating rooms, and generally don’t bear load. Party walls are present between semi-detached and detached houses.
- You can make internal walls from a variety of things, such as wallboard or plasterboard, concrete and brick blocks, and stones to metal or timer frames.
- You can make lightweight internal walls even from glass blocks.
- To repair plaster cracks, you can choose from a variety of fillers. Interior fillers serve a general purpose.
- The come in readymade powder form, which you just need to mix with water.
- Fine-surface filler, deep-repair filler, fast-setting filler, flexible acrylic fillers, and expanding or foam fillers are other tools.
- There are gypsum plasters that require two coats. Professional plasterers often use them as they set quickly and are economical.
- General plasters are available in dual coats.
More on the repairs
Before you knock down internal walls, identity their specific types. Removing a load-bearing wall is a daunting task. Conventional wisdom says that if strong tapping or pricking elicits an irregular or hollow sound, that’s a partition and you can tear it down.
- To discover load-bearing capacities of your wall, you need to investigate its loft.
- The roof struts and ceiling joists often lean on a bedroom wall. It’s a spine wall’s continuation.
- Check the floorboards’ direction as well. The supporting holders and joists usually run away in the boar’s direction.
- It’s safe to conclude that every wall is load bearing unless you prove it otherwise.
- You can use a flexible filler to treat fine cracks.
- Significant holes or cracks may suggest a possible settlement, or in some cases, subsidence.
Take care of your furniture and upholstery while removing walls. Put good sofa covers on the sofas and linen.